Parties & Interest Groups
In the American political system, there are a wide variety of interest
groups that are organized for the sole purpose of exerting influence on
the political and legal systems. These groups play a central role in deciding
who gets what, when, where and how in legislative and budget processes.
They also play a significant role in deciding which values will be promoted
and enforced by the government.
Why Do Groups Form?
When individuals have common interests, it often makes sense for them
to join together in pursuit of those interests. When this happens, a special
interest group is formed. These groups then compete for a share of the
limited resources distributed through the political process.
While many groups are formed to compete for economic resources, others
are formed to support their positions on issues like abortion and gun control.
The limited resource these groups compete for is not money or real estate
but rather the use of governmental power to enforce a particular set of